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May 27, 2022
Bromelain Modern Research and Potential Health Benefits
Pineapple has been investigated as a food that may naturally support healthy digestion and help reduce swelling associated with sore throat, gout, or arthritis.4 The high dietary fiber content of fresh pineapple can support healthy digestion and elimination. Bromelain is promoted as an alternative to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and is currently manufactured and sold as a dietary supplement for reducing pain and inflammation.6 According to modern research, bromelain has potential uses as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant with potential benefits for alleviating symptoms of chronic degenerative conditions like arthritis, preventing or minimizing the severity of heart attacks, and enhancing oral health as well as post-surgical recovery.
Research indicates that bromelain
Cardiovascular disease includes vascular and heart disease, heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, heart failure, and congenital heart disease. Studies have shown that bromelain can inhibit platelet aggregation, thereby minimizing the risk of blood clots. Bromelain supplements may reduce risk factors for heart disease. In addition, bromelain reduces the risk of developing thrombophlebitis (blood clots, usually in the legs) through its potent fibrinolytic activity.
Studies have shown that the use of bromelain as an adjuvant in a periodontitis treatment regimen reduces the growth of problematic periodontal microorganisms; proteolytically removes important cell surface molecules (such as CD25) in white blood cells (leukocytes); downregulates levels of inflammatory mediators; And reduce bone-degrading osteoclasts, reducing alveolar bone loss. Bromelain has been widely used in the natural treatment of periodontitis and inhibits the growth of Streptococcus mutans, Actinobacillus congeners, and Porphyromonas gingivalis.
Acne is a common skin disorder that affects the oil glands of the skin and can be caused by opportunistic pathogens, including Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus aureus. 13 Due to its antibacterial activity, bromelain is used clinically for the treatment of acne and folliculitis (a condition in which the hair follicles become inflamed). The cosmetic uses of bromelain are similar to papain in papaya for smoothing wrinkles and soothing dry skin. The facial cleanser prepared with bromelain has an antibacterial effect on bacteria commonly found in acne, especially Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus aureus.
Nutrients and Bioactive Compounds in Pineapple
|Phytochemical||Compound Type||Plant Part||Associated Properties|
|Vitamin C||Vitamin||Fresh fruit, non-pasteurized fruit juice||Protects cells from free radical damage; supports collagen formation in bones, blood vessels, cartilage, and muscle; slows bone deterioration (osteoblast aging); enhances iron absorption|
|Thiamin||Vitamin||Fruit||Supports red blood cell production and central nervous system function; helps reduce metabolic changes related to diabetes and glucose levels|
|Dietary fiber||Carbohydrate||Fruit, core, stem, peel||Reduces risk of diabetes, colon cancer, and cerebrovascular diseases; improves gastrointestinal function and bowel elimination|
|Manganese||Mineral||Fruit||Vital for energy production, as well as bone and connective tissue formation; modulates blood glucose levels and assists in cholesterol reduction|
|Copper||Mineral||Fruit||Enhances iron absorption and regulates blood pressure and heart rate|
|Bromelain||Proteolytic enzyme||Fruit, core, stem, peel, and root||Anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, analgesic, wound healing, antiparasitic, antibacterial|
|Malic acid||Organic acid||Fruit||Helps maintain oral health by preventing plaque formation; enhances immunity; promotes smooth, firm skin; reduces the risk of heavy metal poisoning|
|Methyl hexanoate, decanal, and geranyl acetone||Volatile oils||Fruit||Contain aromatic compounds|